Although there was some doubt about the validity of such marriages after , they continued to be used until the s. Age of consent to marriage[ edit ] English common law applicable in New Zealand from allowed girls to marry at 12, and boys at 14, however, such young marriages were rare and persons under the age of twenty-one required the consent of their father, guardian in the absence of a father, or mother in the absence of a father or guardian. In , the minimum age of marriage for both men and women was raised to 16 with the consent of a parent or guardian required for those under Following the passing of the Age of Majority Act those over 20 did not require the consent of a parent or guardian from 1 January Consent of a parent or guardian was subsequently restricted to those aged 16 or 17 by the Marriage Amendment Act and from 14 August , the consent of a parent or guardian was replaced with the consent of a Family Court Judge in order to prevent forced marriages.
The report found the patterns for Pacific people and Asians were complicated and strongly influenced by migration. Massey University sociologist Paul Spoonley said New Zealand always had high levels of intermarriage, which resulted in new community connections and behaviours. Professor Spoonley said the questions of "what is a New Zealander" and "what are New Zealand traditions" were also changing. About 96 per cent of European males and 94 per cent of females had European partners. This, according to the report's authors, was not because the group was averse to intermarriage, but rather the size of the European community meant they were more likely to find partners of the same ethnicity. The proportion of the population identifying with more than one ethnic group had steadily risen from 9 per cent in to Nearly one in four, or 23 per cent, of children between the ages of identified with more than one ethnicity, up from one in five in
Matters of the Heart: a History of Interracial Marriage in Nz
Matters of the Heart overturns assumptions about the history of interracial marriage in New Zealand. A Maori-Pakeha couple, a feature of New Zealand life from first colonial contact. She has deliberately chosen to cover two centuries of interracial marriage, from the s to the early s when legal marriage rates peaked. Although her book is, of course, mainly about Maori and Pakeha, Wanhalla does also consider, albeit briefly, other kinds of interracial union, particularly those involving Chinese men. For example, two long-held and often-expressed convictions about 19th-century relationships were that Pakeha men commonly associated with Maori women solely for sex or to get control of their land.
Preview Download 78MB Preview Abstract In this thesis my object is to describe the process of interracial marriage between Pakehas and Maoris in Auckland and to relate this to aspects of the relations between the races in the community. In the first part I outline a typology of mixed marriage in terms of which I discuss the characteristics of the spouses in my sample. This is followed by a discussion of statistical material drawn from marriage records and brief account of some representative cases.